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Impact of Portfolio Assessment on Locus of Control of Students with and without Disabilities

By: Dan Ezell and Colleen Klein

Abstract: The purpose of this study was to explore the effect portfolio assessment had on locus of control of students with and without disabilities, and to see specifically whether use of portfolio assessment increased internal locus of control of students with disabilities. Participants were eighth grade students chosen on the basis of classroom use and non-use of the portfolio assessment process. Both general education students (n = 70) and special education students (n = 20) were involved in the study. The Nowicki-Strickland Locus of Control Scale was used to identify participants' locus of control. Overall, results indicated that all individuals involved in the portfolio assessment process scored more internally-oriented in terms of locus of control than those who were not involved in the portfolio assessment process.
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